Brij Kothari


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Can India’s literate read?

Year of Publication 2011

If there is one fundamental skill that we expect all students to acquire through education, and early enough, it is reading.Reading literacy is the building block which mediates almost all learning and teaching in modern educational systems.It is arguably, the most important skill for a student to acquire in order to survive and thrive in schooling and life.Youth and adults who have not acquired basic reading literacy as children almost certainly find themselves at a disadvantage.Their

aspirations are clipped.Their self-esteem is tarnished.Their functioning in everyday life is compromised.

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Same language subtitling: a butterfly for literacy?

Year of Publication 2002

India has a literacy challenge that few in the official apparatus acknowledge. A majority of those who are officially enumerated as “literate” in the national Census cannot read simple texts meaningfully.1  They cannot, for example, read the day’s newspaper headline in any language of their choice or a story pitched at a second- grade level. They cannot perform some of the simplest functions a literate person would be expected to per- form. Then why do we call them “literate”?  That is because when the Census ªeldworker visited and asked them—and that happens

every 10 years—they  self-reported  as “literate.”

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Reading out of the “idiot box”: same-language subtitling on television in India

Year of Publication 2005

A nation’s literacy rate is determined, to a great degree, by the deªnition of literacy and the method used to measure it. Countries struggling to achieve higher rates often tend to lower deªnitional bars, which then makes progress that much easier. India is no exception, and this raises simple but unanswered questions. How many of India’s literate people— literate according to the Census—can read the headlines of a newspaper?

 

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Same Language Subtitling of Bollywood Film Songs on TV: Effects on Literacy

Year of Publication 2014

A nation’s literacy rate is determined, to a great degree, by the deªnition of literacy and the method used to measure it. Countries struggling to achieve higher rates often tend to lower deªnitional bars, which then makes progress that much easier. India is no exception, and this raises simple but unanswered questions. How many of India’s literate people— literate according to the Census—can read the headlines of a newspaper?

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LET A BILLION READERS BLOOM: SAME LANGUAGE SUBTITLING (SLS) ON TELEVISION FOR MASS LITERACY*

Year of Publication 2008

An estimated 250million officially ‘‘literate’’ people in India cannot read a

simple text. Same Language Subtitling (SLS) of Bollywood film songs on

TV is already giving regular reading practice to 100million weak readers.

Informed by more than a decade of research and implementation, a case is

made here for SLS as a cost-effective and proven solution for lifelong rein-

forcementofreadingskills.